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2019農商銀行考試英語題庫(25)

2019-04-30 16:03:02 來源:

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A is for always getting to work on time.

B is for being extremely busy.

C is for the conscientious way you do your job.

You may be all these things at the office, and more. But when it comes to getting ahead, experts say, the ABCs of business should include a P, for politics, as in office politics.

Dale Carnegie suggested as much more than 50 years ago: Hard work alone doesn’t ensure career advancement. You have to be able to sell yourself and your ideas, both publicly and behind the scenes. Yet, despite the obvious rewards of engaging in office politics — a better job, a raise, praise — many people are still unable or unwilling — to “play the game”.

“People assume that office politics involves some manipulative behavior,” says Deborah Comer, an assistant professor of management at Hofstra University. “But politics derives from the word ‘polite’. It can mean lobbying and forming associations. It can mean being kind and helpful, or even trying, to please your superior, and then expecting something in return.”

In fact, today, experts define office politics as proper behavior used to pursue one’s own self-interest in the workplace. In many cases, this involves some form of socializing within the office environment — not just in large companies, but in small workplaces as well.

“The first thing people are usually judged on is their ability to perform well on a consistent basis,” says Neil P. Lewis, a management psychologist. “But if two or three candidates are up for a promotion, each of whom has reasonably similar ability, a manager is going to promote the person he or she likes best. It’s simple human nature.”

Yet, psychologists say, many employees and employers have trouble with the concept of politics in the office. Some people, they say, have an idealistic vision of work and what it takes to succeed. Still others associate politics with flattery, fearful that, if they speak up for themselves, they may appear to be flattering their boss for favors.

Experts suggest altering this negative picture by recognizing the need for some self-promotion.

126. What is the meaning of “play the game” in paragraph 5?

A. Play computer games in office.

B. Play office politics.

C. Play office games.

D. All of above.

127. Why are many people still unable or unwilling to “play the game”?

A. Because they think the game is manipulative.

B. Because they think the office politics is manipulative.

C. Because they think the office politics is difficult.

D. Because they think the game is difficult.

128. Which one below is Deborah Comer’s opinion?

A. Office politics involves manipulative behavior.

B. Office politics is a game.

C. Office politics can mean something good.

D. It’s human nature that a manager promotes the person he or she likes best.

129. How do experts define office politics today?

A. A game.

B. Manipulative behavior.

C. A way used to pursue one’s own self-interest.

D. Proper behavior.

130. Which one is correct according to the passage?

A. Office politics does not involve many social interactions.

B. The first thing people are usually judged on is their preference.

C. Office politics is unnecessary.

D. Neil P. Lewis advocates office politics.

126.【答案】B。解析:語義理解題。根據關鍵詞play the game回到文章第五段最后一句話despite the obvious rewards of engaging in office politics — a better job, a raise, praise — many people are still unable or unwilling — to “play the game”. 盡管參與office politics有很多獎勵,但仍然有很多人不愿意“玩這個游戲”。由此可以推斷出,the game指的是office politics。故答案選B。

127.【答案】B。解析:細節題。根據關鍵詞people still unable or unwilling to “play the game”定位到文章第五段最后一句話despite the obvious rewards of engaging in office politics — a better job, a raise, praise — many people are still unable or unwilling — to “play the game”. 該句講到人們不愿意玩這個游戲。接著第六段給出了原因,即People assume that office politics involves some manipulative behavior. “人們認為職場政治涉及一些工于心計的行為”,所以人們不愿參與職場政治,由此可知B項符合文意。故答案選B。

128.【答案】C。解析:觀點題。根據關鍵詞Deborah Comer定位到文章第六段。該句首句談到People assume that office politics involves some manipulative behavior. 由此可知A項是人們的觀點,不是Deborah Comer的觀點,故排除;該段最后三句講到But politics derives from the word ‘polite’. It can mean lobbying and forming associations. It can mean being kind and helpful, or even trying, to please your superior, and then expecting something in return. politics源于polite這個詞,它可能意味著游說和聯盟,也可以體現友好和幫助,由此可見,Deborah Comer認為office politics是可以帶來益處的,所以C正確;B項在文中沒有體現;D項是Neil P. Lewis的觀點,排除。故本題答案選C。

129.【答案】D。解析:細節題。根據題干關鍵詞experts和office politics定位到倒數第四段的第一句話In fact, today, experts define office politics as proper behavior used to pursue one’s own self-interest in the workplace. 事實上,如今專家們將職場政治定義為在工作場所追求個人利益的適當行為。used to pursue one’s own self-interest in the workplace是定語用來修飾proper behavior,作者真正想表達的是office politics is proper behavior,故D最符合題意。C項缺少地點狀語in the workplace。

130.【答案】D。解析:細節題。根據倒數第三段“The first thing people are usually judged on is their ability to perform well on a consistent basis,” says Neil P. Lewis, a management psychologist. “But if two or three candidates are up for a promotion, each of whom has reasonably similar ability, a manager is going to promote the person he or she likes best. It’s simple human nature.” 作為管理心理學家的Neil P. Lewis說,評判的第一標準通常是個人的能力,但是如果兩三個候選人在能力旗鼓相當的情況下,經理通常傾向于提拔自己最喜歡的那個人,這是人的本性。由此可以判斷,Neil P. Lewis認同職場政治。故正確答案為D。根據倒數第四段最后“In many cases, this involves some form of socializing within the office environment…” 可知A項錯誤;根據倒數第三段可知評判的第一標準通常是個人的能力,所以B錯誤;因為現在的專家們將職場政治定義為適當行為,并且Deborah Comer和Neil P. Lewis都表現出了支持的傾向,所以C項錯誤。

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