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2019農商銀行考試英語題庫(28)

2019-04-30 16:06:43 來源:

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If you like to exercise, you may have learned that high-intensity interval training is all the rage at the moment. There are also seven-minute and 20-minute workouts that promise results in just a short period of time.

But what is the best workout routine for you? Daniel Duane, a Men’s journal editor, recently wrote in The New York Times that there are in fact no cutting-edge scientific studies on workout routines. Duane talked to Martin Gibala, an exercise physiologist at McMaster University in Ontario, Canada, who said there’s not a lot of research money out there to fund applied studies. On matters as simple as how many sets and reps best promote muscle growth, Gibala explained, “We can’t nail down the answer.”

Physiologists do research, but they only study questions of basic science, like the relationship between protein and muscle adaptation.

Of course, physiologists are not the problem. The problem, according to Duane, is that everybody in the fitness industry uses basic science and then twists the results to come up with something that sounds like a scientific recommendation for whatever they’re selling.

Few personal trainers or gym coaches teach their clients to train independently by showing them basic barbell lifts and telling them to add weight each time. Instead, they invent confusing routines, so the clients never leave them.

The truth about the best workout routine is simple, says Duane. The human body is an adaptation machine. If you force it to do something a little harder than it has done recently, it will respond — afterward, while you rest — by changing enough to be able to do that new hard task more competently next time. This is known as the progressive overload principle. All athletic training uses this principle through small, steady increases in weight, speed, or distance.

So if you run, run an extra 50 meters or a bit faster the next time. If you lift weight, add a half-kilo weight during the next workout. Always push yourself to your limits and you will be surprised at how strong you can become.

141. What is the real problem in fitness industry according to Daniel Duane?

A. It lacks a lot of research money to fund applied studies.

B. The trainers play trick on their clients by distorting the workout results.

C. Physiologists can only study questions of basic science.

D. The truth about the best workout routine is too simple for clients to train independently.

142. We can infer from the passage high-intensity interval training is prevailing at the moment because ______.

A. the clients believe that a short period of training time works

B. physiologists prove that it is simple to promote muscle growth in it

C. seven-minute or 20 minute workouts is scientific and effective

D. coaches invent progressive overload routines in it to meet clients’ needs

143. The underlined word “cutting-edge” probably refers to ______.

A. well-founded

B. general-accepted

C. authoritative

D. most advanced

144. When a person keeps the progressive overload principle, he should do the following things EXCEPT ______.

A. forcing himself to do something more interesting than he has done recently

B. always pushing himself to the limits

C. making sure new hard task more competent

D. training through small, steady increases

145. What type of writing is this text?

A. A health education announcement.

B. A fitness guide.

C. A research report.

D. A meeting review.

141.【答案】B。解析:細節題。根據real problem定位到文章第四段“Of course, physiologists are not the problem. The problem, according to Duane, is that everybody in the fitness industry uses basic science and then twists the results to come up with something that sounds like a scientific recommendation for whatever they’re selling.”從這句話可知,真正的問題在于健身行業的每個人都使用基礎科學,然后扭曲結果,使得他們想推銷的東西聽起來像一個科學建議。所以B符合題意。

142.【答案】A。解析:細節題。定位到文章第一段“If you like to exercise, you may have learned that high-intensity interval training is all the rage at the moment. There are also seven-minute and 20-minute workouts that promise results in just a short period of time.”,可知,high-intensity interval training盛行是因為它承諾人們在短時間內就可以取得健身成果。故A符合題意。

143.【答案】D。解析:詞義猜測題。根據定位句Daniel Duane, a Men’s journal editor, recently wrote in The New York Times that there are in fact no cutting-edge scientific studies on workout routines. 可知Daniel Duane最近在一本書中寫到,事實上,對于鍛煉方式還沒有____科研研究。根據“recently”這個詞,再結合語境,可推斷出應該是沒有“最前沿的科學研究”。cutting-edge意為“先進的,前沿的”;well-founded理由充足的;general-accepted普遍接受的;authoritative權威的;most advanced最先進的。故D. most advanced與cutting-edge意思一致,符合題意,答案選D。

144.【答案】A。解析:細節題。最后一段中Always push yourself to your limits對應B項。倒數第二段中If you force it to do something a little harder than it has done recently, it will respond.對應C項。倒數第二段中All athletic training uses this principle through small, steady increases in weight, speed ,or distance.對應D項。本文講的是跟運動強度相關的話題,與興趣無關,故選A。

145.【答案】B。解析:主旨題。本文首先寫到高強度間歇訓練很受歡迎,接著寫到其所存在的問題,最后又提醒訓練者注意事項。所以本文屬于健身指南,故選B。

141.【答案】B。解析:細節題。根據real problem定位到文章第四段“Of course, physiologists are not the problem. The problem, according to Duane, is that everybody in the fitness industry uses basic science and then twists the results to come up with something that sounds like a scientific recommendation for whatever they’re selling.”從這句話可知,真正的問題在于健身行業的每個人都使用基礎科學,然后扭曲結果,使得他們想推銷的東西聽起來像一個科學建議。所以B符合題意。

142.【答案】A。解析:細節題。定位到文章第一段“If you like to exercise, you may have learned that high-intensity interval training is all the rage at the moment. There are also seven-minute and 20-minute workouts that promise results in just a short period of time.”,可知,high-intensity interval training盛行是因為它承諾人們在短時間內就可以取得健身成果。故A符合題意。

143.【答案】D。解析:詞義猜測題。根據定位句Daniel Duane, a Men’s journal editor, recently wrote in The New York Times that there are in fact no cutting-edge scientific studies on workout routines. 可知Daniel Duane最近在一本書中寫到,事實上,對于鍛煉方式還沒有____科研研究。根據“recently”這個詞,再結合語境,可推斷出應該是沒有“最前沿的科學研究”。cutting-edge意為“先進的,前沿的”;well-founded理由充足的;general-accepted普遍接受的;authoritative權威的;most advanced最先進的。故D. most advanced與cutting-edge意思一致,符合題意,答案選D。

144.【答案】A。解析:細節題。最后一段中Always push yourself to your limits對應B項。倒數第二段中If you force it to do something a little harder than it has done recently, it will respond.對應C項。倒數第二段中All athletic training uses this principle through small, steady increases in weight, speed ,or distance.對應D項。本文講的是跟運動強度相關的話題,與興趣無關,故選A。

145.【答案】B。解析:主旨題。本文首先寫到高強度間歇訓練很受歡迎,接著寫到其所存在的問題,最后又提醒訓練者注意事項。所以本文屬于健身指南,故選B。

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